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Sustainable Products

Product Design - Ergonomics and Sustainability

Technical Skills - Sketching, SketchUp CAD and Wood Work

Content - Ergonomics, Product Life Cycle, Form, Function and Sustainability

MYP Design UBD

 

Unit Title: Sustainable Go Karts
 

Statement of inquiry: To be sustainable designers, we need to be creative with the materials used and understand the culture of the communities involved in manufacturing, and the important difference between form and function. 
 

Key concepts: Creativity, Culture, Form
 

Related concepts: Ergonomics, Form, Function, Innovation, Sustainability, Collaboration
 

Global context & explorations: Scientific and technical innovation
 

ATL skills: Social, Self-management and Research
 

Design Problem/scenario:  Students will participate in the G10 go-kart race and go-kart show. Using knowledge learnt about sustainability, product life cycle, and ergonomics students must design and create a new go-kart for racing and for the go-kart show.

Skills:

  • Sketching

  • SketchUp CAD CAM (online learning)

  • Woodwork (at school)

 

Knowledge:

  • Bamboo

  • Sustainability

 

Topics:

  • Simple mechanics

  • Vehicles

Resources:

Schedule

Go Kart Design

MYP Design - Product Design

Key Stages of the MYP Design Project:

(Criterion A) Inquiring and Analyzing ~ Jan-Feb
(Criterion B) Developing Ideas ~ Feb-Mar

(Criterion C) Creating the Solution ~ Mar-Apr
(Criterion D) Evaluating ~ Apr-May

(Criterion A) Inquiring and Analyzing
Tuesday 26/01 ~ Criterion A

Objective: i. explains and justifies the need for a solution to a problem for a client/ target audience

Tasks: 

  1. Explain the problem/ challenge

  2. Identify the client

  3. Identify the target audience

Thursday 28/01 ~ Criterion A

Objective: i. explains and justifies the need for a solution to a problem for a client/ target audience

Tasks: ​

  1. Suggest some solutions (photo/image essay)

  2. Justify the need to solve the problem (i.e. write a persuasive piece (250-500 words) that convinces the reader that the challenge needs to be addressed. Furthermore, convince me that collaboration is important, the significant of competition and how if effects motivation and why bamboo is the best product for the task (sustainability themes))

Below are some images to guide students as they work through Criterion A i
Monday 01/02 ~ Criterion B & Criterion A

Objective:

  • A ii. constructs a detailed research plan, which identifies and prioritizes the primary and secondary research needed to develop a solution to the problem independently

  • B ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others.

Tasks: 

  1. draw a go-kart - idea #1 (15min)

  2. brainstorm research topics (15min)

  3. start your research plan - focus on topics (15min)

Wednesday 03/02 ~ Criterion B & Criterion A

Objective:

  • A ii. constructs a detailed research plan, which identifies and prioritizes the primary and secondary research needed to develop a solution to the problem independently

  • B ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others.

Tasks:

  1. draw an orthographic view of a go-kart with an ergonome in it - idea #2 (15min)

  2. complete research plan with an emphasis on both primary and secondary research and prioritises (30min)

Friday 05/02 ~ Criterion B & Criterion A

Objectives:

  • B ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others.

  • A iii. analyses a range of existing products that inspire a solution to the problem in detail 

Tasks:

  1. draw an orthographic view of a simple billy-cart idea - idea #3 (15min)

  2. Create a go-cart moodboard with PPT (30min)

Tuesday 09/02 ~ Criterion A

Objectives: ​

  • A iii. analyses a range of existing products that inspire a solution to the problem in detail 

Tasks:

  1. analyse one go-kart using ACCESSFM (see Image Gallery (AII) below) on PPT (15min)

  2. analyse one billy-cart using ACCESSFM (see Image Gallery (AII) below) on PPT (15min)

  3. analyse one a piece of bamboo furniture using ACCESSFM (see Image Gallery (AII) below) on PPT (15min)

Image Gallery (AII) below illustrated the ACCESSFM product analysis tool
Monday 15/02 ~ Criterion B & Criterion A

Objectives:

  • B ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others.

  • A iv. develops a detailed design brief, which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.

Tasks: with a partner (choose your own partner) build an idea & photograph & test - idea #4 prototype (45min)

Wednesday 17/02 ~ Criterion B & Criterion A

Objectives:

  • B ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others.

  • A iv. develops a detailed design brief, which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.

Task: with a partner (Mr Watson chooses partners) build an idea & photograph & test - idea #5 prototype (45min)

Friday 19/02 ~ Criterion A

Objective: iv. develops a detailed design brief, which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.

Tasks: ​

  1. Write about your discoveries after building and testing ideas #4 & #5 prototypes (primary research) 15min

  2. research (secondary research) and share key points (30min)

Tuesday 23/02 ~ Criterion A

Objective: iv. develops a detailed design brief, which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.

Tasks:

  1. research (secondary research) and share key points (30min)

  2. create a design brief (15min)

    • what will be designed and built?​

    • what materials will be used and why?

    • what is the function of the product?

    • when will it be built and tested?

    • who are the key stakeholders (designers, builders and testers)?

  3. SUBMIT CRITERION A as a PDF to ManageBac

Thursday 25/02 ~ Criterion B

Objective: ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others

Tasks: 

  1. Create a new Criterion B Documents (15min)

  2. Create a list of Design Specifications, based on ACCESSFM + Competition Judging Criteria (30min)​

ACCESSFM

  • Aesthetics - Consider appearance, style, colour, shape/form, texture, pattern, finish, layout.

  • Cost - Is there a maximum cost? Is this a material cost/time cost/selling cost?

  • Customer - Who it is for? What is the target user’s age, gender, socio-economic background?

  • Environmental considerations - Where will the solution be used? How will the design directly or indirectly affect the environment?

  • Function - What it must do? What is its purpose? Where will the product be stored? How easily can it be used/maintained?

  • Manufacturing - What resources are available? Are there limitations as to how this can be created? How much time is needed to create the design?

  • Materials - What materials are available? What properties do the materials need to have?

  • Safety - What safety factors need to be incorporated into the design?

  • Size - Are there any specific sizes that need to be considered? What “human factors” need to be considered? What anthropometric data needs to be considered?

Competition Judging Criteria 

Speed

  • one driver for the whole journey

  • distance = width of a soccer field (50m) 

  • safety - if the vehicle is unsafe you will be disqualified

Design / Aesthetics

  • wheel style and shape (5 points)

  • ergonomics - comfort for the driver (5 points)

  • shape - looks aerodynamic (5 points)

  • overall beauty - pleasing to the eyes of the judges (5 points)

  • neat and tidy construction (5 points)

Agility

  • obstacle course

  • passenger safety

  • one driver for the whole journey

  • safety - if the vehicle is unsafe you will be disqualified

Monday 08/03 ~ Criterion B

Objective: ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others

Tasks: ​

  1. Sketch design idea #6 as an orthographic drawing with a focus on Design / Aesthetics (15min):​

    • wheel style and shape (5 points)

    • ergonomics - comfort for the driver (5 points)

    • shape - looks aerodynamic (5 points)

    • overall beauty - pleasing to the eyes of the judges (5 points)

    • neat and tidy construction (5 points)

  2. Organise and present Design Idea 1-6 (4 x sketches and 2 x prototypes) in Assessment B Document (15min)

Wednesday 10/03 ~ Criterion B

Objectives:

  • ii. develops a range of feasible design ideas, using an appropriate medium(s) and detailed annotation, which can be correctly interpreted by others

  • iii. presents the chosen design and justifies fully and critically its selection with detailed reference to the design specification

 

Tasks:

  1. Organise and present Design Idea 1-6 (4 x sketches and 2 x prototypes) in Assessment B Document (BII) (10min)

  2. Present 2 x design ideas to 2 friends and collect feedback on these themes (BII) (10min):

    • Ergonomics​

    • Form/Function

    • Aesthetics

    • Easy/difficult to build

    • Name of person giving feedback

  3. Present 4 x design ideas to and self-analyse and comment on these themes (BII) (10min)

    • Ergonomics​

    • Form/Function

    • Aesthetics

    • Easy/difficult to build

    • Name of person giving feedback

  4. Choose and present your best idea (BIII) (10min)

  5. Justify the best idea selection (persuade) - with direct links to (a) Design Specifications, (b) Competition Judging Criteria and (c) feedback from peers (BIII) (10min)

 
Monday 15/03 ~ Criterion B

Objective: iv. develops accurate and detailed planning drawings/diagrams and outlines requirements for the creation of the chosen solution

Tasks: 

  1. Isometric sketching skills (5min)

  2. Develops planning drawing/diagrams (orthographic, isometric and close up of specific features(s)) (15min)

  3. Outline of requirements - here are some suggested categories to expand on (15min):​

    • Aesthetics

    • Costs

    • Customer/Client

    • Environmental considerations

    • Ergonomics

    • Function/Form

    • Manufacturing - how to build and with what materials

    • Materials

    • Safety

    • Size

    • Speed​

    • Design / Aesthetics​

    • Agility

    • Teamwork

    • When and Where to build

  4. Update Criterion B, convert to PDF and SUBMIT CRITERION B to ManageBac (15min)

Resources:

 

N.B. Mr Watson will assess Criterion B on Tuesday 16/03 and resubmitted Criterion A assessment tasks.

Wednesday 17/03 ~ Criterion A & B

REFLECTION - Catch Up, Edit, Review, Feedback and RESUBMIT WORK​

 

N.B. Report grades for March will be generated from Criterion A & Criterion B summative assessment tasks.

Friday 19/03 ~ Criterion A & B

REFLECTION - Catch Up, Edit, Review, Feedback and RESUBMIT WORK​

Criterion C
23/03 - 30/04 (6 weeks)

i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

ii. demonstrates excellent technical skills when making the solution

iii. follows the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended and is presented appropriately

iv. fully justifies changes made to the chosen design and plan when making the solution

Lesson 1 ~ Tuesday 23.03 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

Tasks:

  1. Review Grades (Criterion A and B and Report)

  2. Create a Criterion C Summative Assessment Document/Slide and share access with the teacher

  3. Create an Autodesk Fusion 360 Education account with your school email and download software:

  4. Explore Sketching Tutorial https://knowledge.autodesk.com/support/fusion-360/learn-explore/caas/simplecontent/content/lesson-1-sketch-basics.html

Lesson 2 ~ Monday 29.03 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

Tasks:

  • Autodesk Fusion 360 Sketching Tutorial - Lesson 1 (2D sketch tools) (15min)

  • Arrange Teams (15min)

  • Assign Jobs (15min):

    • CAD​

    • Materials (wood, fixings, wheels, seat, steering, axle, etc.)

    • Logistics and Procurement 

    • Graphic Designer

Resources:

Lesson 3 ~ Wednesday 31.03 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

Tasks:

  • Autodesk Fusion 360 Sketching Tutorial - Lesson 2 (3D Extrude) (15min)

  • Team Member Specific Task (30min):

    • CAD​

    • Materials (wood, fixings, wheels, seat, steering, axle, etc.)

    • Logistics and Procurement 

    • Graphic Designer

Lesson 4 ~ Friday 02.04 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

Tasks:​

  • Team Member Specific Task (30min):

    • CAD​

    • Materials (wood, fixings, wheels, seat, steering, axle, etc.)

    • Logistics and Procurement 

    • Graphic Designer

  • Materials List DUE (15min)

Lesson 5 ~ Tuesday 06.04 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

Tasks:

  • Autodesk Fusion 360 Sketching Tutorial - Lesson 3 (Fixings - components - assemble - join) (15min)

  • Team Member Specific Task (30min):

    • CAD​

    • Materials (wood, fixings, wheels, seat, steering, axle, etc.)

    • Logistics and Procurement 

    • Graphic Designer

Lesson 6 ~ Thursday 08.04 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

 

Tasks:

  • Adobe InDesign Tutorial (15min)

  • Create a Poster (30min)

SONGKRAN

Lesson 7 ~ 21.04 ~ Criterion C (i)

Objective: i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

 

Tasks:

  • Jobs Specific Tasks (45min):

    • CAD​ - Fusion 360 Specialist to create quality images of the build

    • Materials (wood, fixings, fabrics, etc.) + Procurement

    • Graphic Designer - design the how-to-build booklet

  • Finish HOW TO BUILD GUIDE

Lesson 8 ~ 23.04 ~ Criterion C (i) & (ii)

Objectives:

  • i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

  • ii. demonstrates excellent technical skills when making the solution​

Tasks:

Revised (online learning) Design Brief: Mr Watson is looking for an outstanding Go-Kart Design, to build in the future. The Go Cart will be used by G10 students in the G10 Bangkok go-kart race and go-kart show 2021. Using knowledge learnt about sustainability, design, and ergonomics students must design and create a new go-kart for racing and for the go-kart show. The design will be presented as a 2 page A4 (landscape) promotional advertisement for PEERS/CLIENT/TARGET AUDIENCE to review. Mr Watson is looking for speed, comfort, agility, style and, he loves the planet, so he wants it to be made from sustainable materials.

promotional catalogue ad examples and inspiration (below)
Lesson 9 ~ 27.04 ~ Criterion C (iii)

Objective: iii. follows the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended and is presented appropriately

Tasks:

  • Jobs Specific Tasks (45min):

    • CAD Designers - create CAD product

    • Technical Drawing - sketching

    • Graphic Designers - Create 2 x A4 page (landscape) promotional catalogue ad for the product

Lesson 10 ~ 29.04 ~ Criterion C (iii)

Objective: iii. follows the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended and is presented appropriately

Tasks:

  • Jobs Specific Tasks (45min):

    • CAD Designers - create CAD product

    • Technical Drawing - sketching

    • Graphic Designers - Create 2 x A4 page (landscape) promotional catalogue ad for the product

Lesson 11 ~ 03.05 ~ Criterion C (iii)

Objective: ii. demonstrates excellent technical skills when making the solution

Tasks:

Lesson 12 ~ 05.05 ~ Criterion C (iii)

Objective: iii. follows the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended and is presented appropriately

Tasks:

  • Jobs Specific Tasks (30min):

    • CAD Designers - create CAD product

    • Technical Drawing - sketching

    • Graphic Designers - Create 2 x A4 page (landscape) promotional catalogue ad for the product

  • Promotional Advertisement Due Date!

Lesson 13 ~ 07.05 ~ Criterion C (i), (ii) & (iii)

Objectives:

  • i. constructs a detailed and logical plan, which describes the efficient use of time and resources, sufficient for peers to be able to follow to create the solution

  • ii. demonstrates excellent technical skills when making the solution

  • iii. follows the plan to create the solution, which functions as intended and is presented appropriately

Tasks:

Lesson 14 ~ 11.05 ~ Criterion C (iv)

Objectives:

  • iv. fully justifies changes made to the chosen design and plan when making the solution presented appropriately

Tasks:

  • Update Criterion C Summative Assessment Document/Slide (iv) (30min):

    • explain and justify the changes made to the final product design compared to your Criterion B (iii) & C (iii) design​

    • explain and justify the changes (iterations) made during the creation of the CAD designs

    • explain and justify the changes (iterations) made during the creation of the 2 A4 page promo ad

  • Submit Criterion C as PDF to ManageBac (15min)

  • (N.B. Mr Watson will assess Criterion C on 12.05)

Criterion D and Reflection
Criterions D Strands

i. designs detailed and relevant testing methods, which generate data, to measure the success of the solution

ii. critically evaluates the success of the solution against the design specification based on authentic product testing

iii. explains how the solution could be improved

iv. explains the impact of the product on the client/target audience

Thursday 13.05 ~ Criterion D (i)

Objective: i. designs detailed and relevant testing methods, which generate data, to measure the success of the solution

​​

Tasks:

  • Create new Criterion D Assessment Template (15min)

  • Specific Jobs (30min):

    • create FEEDBACK FORM for PEERS that addresses - every design specification and suggested improvement 

    • create INTERVIEW with CLIENT that addresses - design brief, impacts on society and suggested improvement

    • present 2 x A4 Pages for CLIENT/PEERS

Monday 17.05 ~ Criterion D (ii)

Objective:

  • ii. critically evaluates the success of the solution against the design specification based on authentic product testing

Tasks:

  • Present Promotional Advertisement to clients/peers and collect data -- Specific Jobs (45min):

    • TEST A - Present product and collect data from CLIENT INTERVIEW (qualitative)

    • TEST B - Present product and collect data from PEER FEEDBACK (quantitative)

Wednesday 19.05 ~ Criterion D (ii)

Objective: ii. critically evaluates the success of the solution against the design specification based on authentic product testing

Tasks:

  • Specific Jobs (45min):

    • Present data from FEEDBACK FORMS and evaluates/analyses/explain the results from TEST B PEER FEEDBACK

    • Present data from CLIENT INTERVIEW and evaluates/analyses/explain the results from TEST A CLIENT INTERVIEW

Friday 21.05 ~ Criterion D (iii)

Objective: iii. explains how the solution could be improved

Tasks:

  • Specific Jobs (30min):

    • explains how the CAD designs could be improved 

    • explains how the sketches could be improved 

    • explains how the product promo ad could be improved 

    • explains how the whole project could be improved

  • Update Criterion D Template (15min)

Tuesday 25.05 ~ Criterion D (iv)

Objective: iv. explains the impact of the product on the client/target audience.

Tasks:

  • Specific Jobs (30min):

    • explains the impact the PROMO had on PEERS

    • explains the impact your GO CART design had on your TARGET AUDIENCE/CLIENT

    • explains the impact of using sustainable materials can have on the environment/planet

  • Update Criterion D and Submit Criterion D as PDF to ManageBac (15min)

  • N.B. Criterion D will be assessed by Mr Watson on 26.05

Thursday 27.05 ~ Reflection

Objective: Self-management ATL Skills (III) Organization & (V) Reflection

Tasks:

  • Report survey

Monday 31.05 ~ Reflection

Objective: Self-management ATL Skills (III) Organization & (V) Reflection

Tasks:

  • Report edit/write

Wednesday 02.06 ~ Reflection

Objective: Self-management ATL Skills (III) Organization & (V) Reflection

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